Generally, exit interviews are conducted when an employee leaves a company or a member leaves an association they belong to.
These interviews always happen after final notice has been given. Often, a company will not have any prior warning that an employee is planning to leave or has been looking for a new job.
Exit interviews become the last opportunity you will have to obtain information about how this employee sees your company, their manager, and even their team.
If they are leaving, what’s the point?
Employees often leave for a higher salary or better opportunities. But not always.
There could be many issues going on in a department that neither HR nor management have any idea about.
A team lead might not think that the complaints they receive are a big deal, or they may be afraid of bringing forth negative feedback for fear of repercussion, and so they might decide not to pass any of that information on.
When complaints and problems aren’t brought forward, no one knows that something needs to be fixed. Exit interviews afford a safe space for an employee to give honest but necessary feedback.
You may think that exit interviews are a case of “too little, too late” – it’s not like it will prevent the resigning employee from moving on. And you are right; this isn’t an attempt to stop that particular employee from leaving.
However, if done well, you can use the information gained to stop other great employees from following them out the door. This is why exit interviews are so important.
Honesty is the best policy
Exit interviews allow an employee to say what worked in their role, and what they would like to see changed for the next person.
Previously, an employee may have felt that saying anything negative about a situation would have jeopardised their job. These fears are removed once they hand in their resignation.
Resigning employees often feel more comfortable giving honest feedback in exit interviews than at any other time.
They may still be cautious when speaking about complaints, but they will generally provide a better picture of any problem areas they encounter.
How to perform exit interviews
Plan for them in advance
You do not want to surprise and stress a departing employee in the last hour of their last day. Schedule a time to talk as soon as possible after they have handed in their resignation.
Exit interviews yield the best results when booked a couple of days before an employee’s end date or immediately after.
Focus your questions
Start off with light conversation. Assure the employee there will be no negative consequences from your discussion.
Then start asking questions that are pertinent to your company’s values and goals.