Colombia is a developing country located in the northwest of South America, bordering Venezuela and Brazil to the east, Ecuador and Peru to its southwest and Panama to its northwest. Spanish is the official language. Civil conflict has affected Colombia for over five decades, and it was only in 2002 that the political situation in the country began to improve.
The government of Colombia takes the form of a constitutional republic and is based on the 1991 Constitution. As stipulated by the principle of separation of powers, the government is divided into three branches: the executive, legislative and judiciary. The President acts as the head of the executive branch and serves as both head of state and head of government. The country’s current president, Juan Manuel Santos, is from the Social Party of National Unity (or “Party of the U”) and first assumed office in August 2010.
Historically rich in natural resources, including oil, coal and agriculture, the Colombian economy has developed at a rapid pace compared to its South American neighbours, with over half of its workforce currently employed in the service sector. However, millions still live in poverty, and the economy remains heavily affected by internal insurgencies and high crime rates. Infrastructure is relatively well developed in major cities; however, road transportation can pose significant hazards, and large portions of the country have been rendered inaccessible or unsafe by leftist guerrilla and rightist militant activity.
Colombia is a beautiful country with special attractions to view such as the Cocora Valley in the Andean mountains, the Ciudad Perdida, Carnival de Barranquilla and plenty more alluring attractions. Colombia also offers a bustling nightlife with some late-night venues staying open until dawn.